Effect of CeONP co-treatment in tobacco exposed lung stroma cells

How to Cite

Camilleri, C., Rubio, L., Marcos, R., & Hernández, A. (2023). Effect of CeONP co-treatment in tobacco exposed lung stroma cells. Spanish Journal of Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics, 22(1), 49. Retrieved from https://ojs.diffundit.com/index.php/sema/article/view/1556


Cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria; CeO2NP) have been proposed as a new promising agent in the treatment of oxidant induced diseases, including cancer, due to its known and well demonstrated antioxidant properties. However, our previous data indicate that CeO2NP were unable to protect cells from the carcinogenic effects of tobacco smoke condensate after long-term exposure in lung BEAS-2B cells. In fact, results rather support a synergistic role of CeO2NP in the tobacco-induced tumor secretome.

Since lung stroma cells would better reflect the tumor secretome than epithelial cells, in this work we aim to assess the effects of tobacco smoke condensate and CeO2NP co- treatment in lung MRC5 fibroblasts. Thus, MRC5 cells long-term exposed to 5 μM of tobacco smoke condensate alone or in combination with 5 and 7.5 μM CeO2NP for 5 weeks were monitored for changes in the fibroblast differentiation program and signals of fibroblasts trans-differentiation. Also, we analyzed the influence of MRC5 secretome from the different treatments over the anchorage independent cell growth capacity of previously exposed BEAS-2B lung epithelial cell line.

Results evidence no protective role of CeO2NP in MRC5 cells exposed to tobacco smoke condensates. The crosstalk between lung MRC5 stroma cells and BEAS-2B epithelial cells via secretome demonstrated that CeO2NP co-exposure exacerbate the effects of tobacco exposure.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Spanish Journal of Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics


Download data is not yet available.